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怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

文章导读

滑膜炎简单点说就是我们身体的滑膜在受到刺激的情况下形成的炎症,属于很常见的关节病。患上滑膜炎之后患者会有关节肿胀、疼痛、关节腔积液、活动受限等症状,危害性非常大。因此,我们就要知道滑膜炎的大发排列3注册措施,积极地防范这种疾病。那么,怎样大发排列3注册滑膜炎?下面咱们就来详细看看吧。

怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

关节病变

怎样大发排列3注册滑膜炎?

(1) 避免膝关节过度活动及劳损,特别是双下肢剧烈运动者( 如舞蹈演员、运动员、搬运工等)更要注意劳逸结合,防止因过度用力造成组织损伤,否则,随着年龄的增长,很容易出现骨质增生现象。

(2) 膝关节出现骨折时,要及时去医院诊治,尽可能使骨折端达到解剖 复位的要求。如果复位不满意,应及时采取手术治疗

怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

(3) 过于肥胖者,要适当控制饮食,注意调整饮食结构,减少热量的摄入,将体重控制在适当的范围之内,减轻关节上的压力和磨损程度。

(4) 老年人可以适当补充钙质、维生素D等与骨代谢关节密切的药物,同时从事适度的体育锻炼,以减慢骨组织的衰老和退行性改变进程。

怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

临床表现

发病可缓可急,膝关节出现疼痛、肿胀,局部温度增高和关节活动受限。症状轻重与疾病性质和关节内积液的多少有关。当膝关节主动屈曲时,疼痛加剧,且有肿胀感。检查时压痛点不定,浮髌试验阳性。

慢性滑膜炎表现为膝关节疼痛,肿胀在活动增加后较明显。检查膝关节活动时,可扪及摩擦感,触及增厚的滑囊。多数患者有股四头肌萎缩。浮髌试验阳性。


Article reading guidance

Synovitis is simply the inflammation of the synovium of our body under stimulation. It is a very common joint disease. After suffering from synovitis, patients will have symptoms such as joint swelling, pain, joint effusion, movement limitation and so on, which is very harmful. Therefore, we should know the preventive measures of synovitis and actively prevent this disease. So, how to prevent synovitis? Now let's have a detailed look.

怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

Joint disease

How to prevent synovitis?

(1) Avoid excessive knee joint activity and strain, especially for those who exercise intensely in both lower limbs (such as dancers, athletes, porters, etc.), pay more attention to the combination of work and rest to prevent tissue damage caused by excessive exertion. Otherwise, with the growth of age, it is easy to appear hyperosteogeny.

(2) When knee joint fracture occurs, it is necessary to go to the hospital in time for diagnosis and treatment, so as to make the fracture end meet the requirements of anatomical reduction as far as possible. If the reduction is unsatisfactory, surgical treatment should be taken in time.

怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

(3) For obese people, diet should be properly controlled, dietary structure should be adjusted, calorie intake should be reduced, body weight should be controlled within an appropriate range, and pressure and wear on joints should be reduced.

(4) The elderly can take appropriate supplements of calcium, vitamin D and other drugs closely related to bone metabolism and joints, and take appropriate physical exercise to slow down the aging and degenerative changes of bone tissue.

怎样预防滑膜炎 - How to prevent synovitis

Clinical manifestation

The onset of the disease can be delayed or urgent, with pain and swelling of the knee joint, increased local temperature and limited joint activity. The severity of symptoms is related to the nature of the disease and the amount of intra-articular effusion. When the knee joint flexes actively, the pain is aggravated and there is a sense of swelling. The tenderness point was uncertain and the floating patella test was positive.

Chronic synovitis is characterized by knee pain, swelling is more obvious after increased activity. When examining knee joint activity, it can palpate the sense of friction and touch the thickened bursa. Most patients have quadriceps femoris atrophy. The floating patella test was positive.

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